Ningxia hui dress custom historic heritage
The tang dynasty in China DuHuan shandongreninsular in large food a campaign in the defeat captured, he had seen and heard in the the record, including talking about big food clothing: “(large food) a lot and all, the food, the king sunset door, all here. The young men and women GuiWei grow up, and his clothes fresh clean, let stop idle Liz. Women go out, will hold shaded his face…. is the silver cord, peja silver knife”. These big man-eating many later to China business, this dress customs nature also brought to China. The new tang book first records the islamic teach people’s image, clothing and religious activities. Said: “the big eat the Persian land, the man nose is high, the surface black and hige, women’s white, go out barrier surface, day five worship god, is the silver cord, peja silver sword……” From these records can see, Arab, Persian, etc to China’s muslims, especially Muslim women dress dress, or the very distinctive. The song dynasty for zhu in the ping chau to talk about “in load:” guangzhou sweet fang, sweet clothes and China different……” In the tang and song dynasties, there have been a lot of Arab, Persian Muslim businessman, generally called “sweet guest”, this is the hui’s ancestors. This you will see that, at that time the hui nationality ancestors dress and the han nationality is different, is a characteristic. GuYanWu the world county countries the disease book is recorded more clear: “SongShiFan business tycoon, dress is LuoQi pearl, gold and silver vessels which are.” Visible they were to wear is a pattern of silk fabric, wearing a ring, the use of silver and gold and utensils. Hui man wore “dace dall”, the custom of wearing white hat, also in the very early days had. The song dynasty hui “QingBo don’t record, said:” layer wingceltis, south China sea side countries also. Noble with good the cloth winding head. The words such as large food.” The yuan dynasty, the hui people’s political, economic and cultural status is higher, the hui people’s dress custom and other customs, are all free, without any limitation, with the han nationality clothing, some in the Arab, Persian, style, the homemade white hat, towel robe and shoes, etc and began to national costume development. But, in the Ming dynasty, the hui people’s dress custom began to limited. And from national is not based on faith customs and ancestral clothing style, combined with the development practice of living in China to want to wear what they wear what, think how to dress up how to dress up, but by the ruling class’s force command and restrictions. After the founding of zhu yuanzhang, take banned “hu suit” policy, make the hui people’s the han outfit, so, and from national begin to form dress custom can quickly develop, also can’t respected. To the qing dynasty, the ruling class to the hui nationality people more prejudiced. The early qing, shandong province governor Chen the palace and acting according to company in anhui province was LuGuoHua place such as the official institute to the drainage of the hui people’s dress, belief all accused, interference, laugh charges, saying the huis “weekdays sooner or later all wear white hat, and set up week……” Therefore, he suggested that: “please make the hui people follow is the new moons, suit system, all week temple, such as utterly forbidden leather…. wear white hat with the default system law set quasi.” In this way, the dress of the hui nationality, which was the influence of Islam, and by the ruling class’s forced limit. However, the hui nationality clothing and not for the ruling class ban is completely yield and change all the han outfit, and put some with islamic characteristics and national features a thick dress habits, adhere to and keep down. Such as the qing dynasty YuanDaHua the xinjiang terms “records:” imam of cap, sharp and high, eaves to mitigate white cloth, two or three inches thick, vail for worship. Introduction will solution shoe. Women will barrier surface. All the ancient system also.” And he said “but temple during the week, wear edge. Crown on sharp circle and five-color are prepared, and the white person is”. Until today, the hui people still wore a white hat, some wore “dace dall”, build the first class, this is the hui nationality dress custom development the important characteristics.